1. What is a cookie?
A cookie is a small file, generally made up of letters and numbers, which is downloaded to a computer's memory (or other equipment used for online browsing - mobile phone, tablet, etc.) when the user accesses a particular website. Cookies are created when a browser used by a user displays a particular website. The website transmits information to the browser, and it creates a text file. Each time the user accesses that web site again, the browser accesses and transmits this file to the site's server. In other words, the cookie can be seen as an Internet User ID card that announces the website every time the user returns to that site.
2. The purpose of cookies
Cookies can provide faster and easier interaction between users and websites. For example, when authenticating a user on a particular website, authentication data is stored in a cookie; the user can then access the site without having to authenticate again. In other cases, cookies can be used to store information about user activities on a particular web page so that they can easily resume their activities on a subsequent access to the site. Cookies tell the server what pages the user should show to the user so that they do not have to remember or navigate the entire site from the beginning. Thus, cookies can be assimilated to "bookmarks" that tell the user exactly where they stayed on a website. Similarly, cookies can store information about products ordered by the user on an ecommerce site, thus enabling the concept of a "shopping cart". Cookies can also provide websites with the ability to monitor users' online activities and set up user profiles that can then be used for marketing purposes. For example, cookies can identify products and services.
3. Cookies from the perspective of IT security and privacy
4. Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based navigation.
- Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable cookie security level for you.
- If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set expiration dates to store your browsing history and personal access data.
- If you share access to your computer, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access sites that place cookies and delete any business information when you close the browsing session.
- Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detection and prevention of spyware include the detection of attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit the vulnerabilities of the browser or download dangerous software.
Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers. Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet - local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
5. How can I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not get / see online advertising anymore. It is possible to set up the browser so that these cookies are no longer supported or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a particular site. But for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser's "options" or "preferences" menu.
For third-party cookie settings, you can also check the site:
IAB Romania provides the following website to provide more privacy information related to online advertising: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/
For more details on privacy issues, you can also access the following links: